The Persian Carpet Has Been Producing Fine Hand Made Carpets In The Arts & Crafts Tradition Since 1995.
Our line includes designs in the British Arts & Crafts, Celtic Revival, and American Prairie Style genres. It incorporates original designs by such well-known figures as William Morris, Charles Voysey and Archibald Knox as well as some of our own designs that we feel capture the spirit of the tradition as it came to be known in America.
British Arts & Crafts
Our British Arts & Crafts collection reflects the range of stylistic variation that characterized the era between 1875 and 1925 in England. During this period artists, designers, architects and craftspeople reacted against mass production and the over-ornamentation of the Victorian era. Carpet designers such as William Morris, Charles Voysey and Gavin Morton drew their inspiration from nature and transformed botanical motifs into simpler geometric forms. Use of color moved away from the reds and blues traditionally associated with Persian carpets towards subtle combinations of earth tones and vibrant hues found in a spring garden in full bloom.
During the last decade of the 19th century, there was a revival of Celtic decorative arts within the broader context of the British Arts & Crafts movement. This development was partially inspired by a reprinting of the Book of Kells, a 7th century text abundant in Celtic motifs. What followed was a renewed interest in the ancient Irish decorative traditions among painters, poets, designers and ceramic artists. Colors favored in the Celtic Revival were ochre, gold, brick, red-brown, black-green, bronze-green and blue-green. Archibald Knox's work embodied this development as seen in four carpets he designed for The Silver Studio.
American Prairie Style
The American Prairie Style developed in the mid-west, with its epicenter in Chicago. Prairie School architects developed a style that focused on simple lines. Farther west, the Mission Style, as exemplified by the bungalow, also focused on simplicity of form. Common to both were landscaping techniques that linked architecture with the surrounding terrain to create a more expansive living space. This idea of continuity from the interior to the natural world beyond inspires the carpets in this collection. Clean lines and a color palette of neutral tones, earth tones, soft greens, warm golds and brick reds work together to create serenity and simplicity.
OUR PRODUCTION PROCESS
Our carpets are hand knotted in northern India. They are produced on upright wooden looms that reflect a handcraft dating back more than 1,000 years. The foundation of the carpet is comprised of the warp (or fringe) and weft. These two cotton strings placed at right angles to one another provide the woven matrix onto which the wool yarn is knotted. Row upon row of knots is tied until the carpet is finished. A typical 8 x 10 carpet will have upwards of 575,000 hand-tied knots.
100% New Zealand Wool
All our carpets are woven with 100% New Zealand wool. The raw wool is cleaned, carded, and spun into yarn. The spinning process is accomplished in either one of two ways:
Fine Spin is twisted in a consistent diameter to produce a carpet with even, non-variegated colors. (Designs with this look are PC-6A, 7A, 7B and 15A.)
Hard Twist Spin results in an inconsistent yarn diameter that gives the carpet a more textured, "nubby" appearance that closely resembles the look of the original Donegal carpets. All other designs use this type of wool.
Swiss Chrome Dyes
Swiss Chrome dyes are color fast and consistent from dye lot to dye lot. Much is said about the beauty of natural dyes, and in fact they can be wonderful in one of a kind carpets that have had some time for the colors to mellow and soften. Consistent color, however, is not possible from one rug to the next with vegetable dyes. In a continuity program such as ours, we must be able to provide constant color values for each design throughout all available sizes. This also allows us to coordinate colors between various designs.
Knot Density and Weave Quality
Knot density (knots per square inch) is a direct reflection of design complexity. Open patterns with large-scale designs usually require no more than 50-80 knots/inch to produce a well-made carpet. "Quality" is a term that embodies many things, including materials, execution of design, and use and placement of colors. We want our carpets to capture the look of the original Arts & Crafts carpets, but have a longevity cycle of 75-100 years. The original Donegal carpets, made in England and Ireland during the late 19th century, had only 15-25 knots per inch. As a result, most of these have not survived to the present.